By using certain images over and over again, he creates a shorthand that allows readers to recognize complex ideas that may not be explicitly mentioned in a particular poem but are the focus of other works. The text of the poem is also important for the reader to understand. The poem is full of such paradoxes, or oppositional elements, which is one of the sources of its richness. Nina has competition in a new dancer, Lily, who impresses Leroy as well. In the poem, Yeats assumes that the reader is familiar with the myth referred to in the title. Lines 5—8 The second quatrain of the octave continues with a description of the rape, but it is presented here in the form of two rhetorical questions. The poem is written in iambic pentameter, so it moves along in a steady, pulsating way.
He was further disillusioned with Irish politics when, in 1903, Maude Gonne, having turned down his own marriage proposals, married a Nationalist activist. In the second stanza, Yeats begins to name the rebels by their social roles. It shows his selfish desire to fulfil his passion. Leda in Greek mythology is the queen of Sparta was being approached and seduced by Zeus in a form of a swan. Holstad, have suggested that in the poem Yeats plays out a rape fantasy that is the result of his unrequited love for Maud Gonne. The poem begins dramatically as it describes a dramatic event. Fire traditionally symbolizes sexual passion and represents the divine union with the human.
Yeats: A Critical Introduction, Hutchinson University Library, 1969, pp. Lines 12—14 After the break in line 11 the speaker again changes tenses this time to past and ends the poem with another question. For centuries Ireland had struggled for independence against Britain. This phrase is also a reference to Maud Gonne, a girl Yeats became infatuated with at a young age. When he died on January 28, 1939, in Roquebrune, France, he was considered indisputably to be the greatest poet that Ireland had every produced. It is interesting that Yeats has chosen to use this form for a poem about a rape; either to create a contrast, or to explore the themes of the poem in more depth. The poem Leda's sister and the Geese is about where Leda went that led up to her encounter with Zeus.
The movie was directed by Darren Aronofsky and written by Mark Heyman and the running time for this movie in 1 hour and 50 minutes. Yeats uses the heightened eroticism of the act as presented throughout the poem to add to the confusion and complexity of what has taken place, and the final question gains additional force after the event has been depicted in such a manner. The theme resembles the Conception of Mary by the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove in the Catholic Religion, predominant in Ireland. These ideas were further enhanced through the use of a large variety of poetic techniques. Via We want to hear what you think about this article. And how can she help but feel the beating of his heart or his sexual organ as he lies with her? In classical mythology, dolphins often carry the dead to their final resting-place.
Yeats himself lived in one such house, at 82 Merrion Square. The third stanza of the poem introduces an extended pastoral metaphor. While the first part of the poem concentrated on the physicality of the act, the last stanza steps back from the present and situates it in the larger pattern of history. Yeats follows the tradition by listing Padraic Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh, and John MacBride. The act that Yeats describes brings forth a new era and civilization, and the poem thus seems to indicate that all such far-reaching transformations in history must have violent and incomprehensible beginnings.
A small number of labor leaders and political revolutionaries occupied government buildings and factories, proclaiming a new independent Irish Republic. And what good is Ireland if the dreamers are dead? It is beyond anyone's control. Greek mythology has, throughout history, been the subject of much debate and interpretation. Though she married another man in 1903 and grew apart from Yeats and Yeats himself was eventually married to another woman, Georgie Hyde Lees , she remained a powerful figure in his poetry. In lines 9-14, again Yeats is giving the reader a graphic image of the rape, but also alluding to the fall of the Greeks and expressing the power of Gods over humanity. How, asks the speaker, can this mere mortal girl resist the power of this beast-god as he subjugates her? Being so caught up, So mastered by the brute blood of the air, Did she put on his knowledge with his power Before the indifferent beak could let her drop? She is overwhelmed with shock over the situation she is in and cannot fight him.
The Nerdwriter seeks to unpack topics related to art, philosophy, science, and more. Metrically, each is quite complicated; the lines are loosely iambic, with the first, second, third, fifth, and eighth lines in pentameter, the fourth line in tetrameter, and the sixth and seventh line in trimeter, so that the pattern of line-stresses in each stanza is 55545335. Yeats had initially called the poem Annunciation, a title related somehow to the Catholic apparition of an angel to Mary telling her of the sanctity of her impregnation. The ancient Greek myth that Yeats used as the source of his poem is that of Leda, the daughter of the Aetolian king Thestius. This other man I had dreamed A drunken, vainglorious lout.
By this time, Yeats was a well-known figure. We can say that Leda and the Swan represents something like the beginning of modern history. In 1971, imprisonment without trial is introduced in Northern Ireland as a measure to counter terrorism. Britain maintains control of both provinces, and the Irish Civil War is fought between those who support the partition and those who oppose it. The rape is described in terms that are brutal, bizarre, terrifying, and erotically charged, and these various aspects contribute to the incomprehensible nature of what has taken place.
His father was a lawyer and a well-known portrait painter, and his mother was the daughter of a shipping merchant. The first quatrain opens with a recounting of the occurrence in mid-scene. Swan Lake was about a princess, the Swan Queen, who was turned into an evil Black Swan. Since immortals usually did not present themselves to humankind in their divine forms, Zeus changed himself into a great swan and in that shape ravished the helpless girl Carey 58-59. In part because of the hatred and the bigotry of the Nationalist movement, Yeats became increasingly disappointed by the Irish cause, and his poetry is full of protests against it. When she is violated by and in union with the god, does she come to some sort of divine knowledge? For Yeats, the annunciation is a moment in which the supernatural energy of a god is mingled with the human to revitalize a declining civilization. The poem is described to have changed history through intercourse between Leda and Zeus which she bared two infamous daughters in the Greek mythology world.