Victor Davis Hanson is a senior fellow at the. Athens with a democratic rule expanded by using the surrounding waterways for trade and developing a great navy. Corinth controlled much of the lateral sea traf? Triremes did not usually carry provisions. However, his arguments fell on deaf ears and Athens began to prepare for the expedition. Instead Alcibiades defected and went to the Spartan side…taking with him the Athenian designs to take over Sicily. Sicilian Expedition Sicily and the Peloponnesian War In the 17th year of the war, word came to Athens that one of their distant allies in was under attack from Syracuse. Syracuse was supposedly easy pickings and an ally of Sparta.
The Domino Theory resulted from the Cold War and stated that if one country was to fall under the communist regime, soon neighboring. The Athenians just lost their main player. Athens over-reached itself, and with Persian assistance the Peloponnesian League defeated Athens and stripped it of the empire it had created. The result of this conf … rontation was the Peloponnesian War. Statues of Hermes were destroyed. First, failing to take victory on good terms when they could.
The Peloponnesian War provides an excellent example to be evaluated. By the middle of the century, the Persians had been driven from the Aegean and forced to cede control of a vast range of territories to Athens. The older generation did not approve of Alcibiades. At the , a small contingent of Athenian ships played a critical role in preventing a Corinthian fleet from capturing Corcyra. Nicias and Demosthenes marched their remaining forces inland in search of friendly allies. As a cunning way to get back at their real foe, therefore, the Athenians saw an opportunity to get involved. It exercised continual naval supremacy over all potential enemies and, indeed, would finish the first decade of the war with its fleet still at its prewar level of 300 ships.
Between 410 and 406, Athens won a continuous string of victories, and eventually recovered large portions of its empire. The decisive battle at Aegospotami in 405 B. As stated before, he enjoyed the backing of the young of Athens, but this had a polarizing effect. This is an argument that historians and observers have been having for years. First, their foes were lacking in initiative. Before answering that question however, we must first understand if we ever really had a chance to win the war. There were four distinct turning points in the war which led ultimately to Southern defeat.
Syracuse and their allies, with the help of Spartans were able to stop and later annihilate the Athenians in Sicily. Alcibiades was not re-elected general by the Athenians and he exiled himself from the city. Such an advantage over the seas prevented Athenian opponents from committing too many resources and soldiers against Athens because of the fear that Athens might strike while they were on an expedition. The Athenians are not merely slaughtered at the Assinarus River but perish as they fight one another to drink the blood and mud of the river. The powers formally allied with Sparta for most of the conflict were not weak.
Athens refused Sparta's request for its repeal, and all-out war followed. About 15 years later, Megara joined back up again with Sparta. Thucydidean war can have utility and solve problems, and it often follows a grim logic of sorts; but once it starts, it may well last twenty-seven years over the entire Greek world rather than an anticipated thirty days in Attica and kill thousands at its end who were not born in its beginning. As they neared Athens, he kept sailing and ended up in Sparta. The South also had much less supply lines.
Gylippus led a force that broke through the Athenian's blockade and rallied the city's defenders — while the Athenian expedition bungled opportunities. By treaty, members of one side could not switch and join the other, although neutral powers could take sides. They sent a large force there to attack the city of Syracuse. Through the winter of 405-04 Athenians suffered hunger. Most of the army was destroyed at Syracuse, but some of them managed to escape.
Another who opposed the expedition was one of the three men designated as its commander, who consulted with various seers and diviners who prophesied its doom. This unwillingness of both sides in turn, pushed the rival poleis into a war against each other, which marked the start of the first Peloponnesian War. The plague was nature's bane. But, common good and the strategic interest of a polis were overshadowed by eloquent speeches of individuals who promised wealth and expansion of the Athenian Empire as the results of the expeditions. The Great Peloponnesian War had ended. He had to run from Sparta upon being suspected of impregnating the Spartan queen. The result was a complete victory for the Spartans, which rescued their city from the brink of strategic defeat.