However, the fact that Henry would later imprison his own wife Eleanor for ten years shows that he was not disposed to show mercy. This was a breach of Canterbury's privilege of coronation, and in November 1170 Becket excommunicated all three. He made himself agreeable to all around him, and his biographers attest that he led a chaste life—in this respect uninfluenced by the king. The knights found him at the altar, drew their swords and began hacking at their victim finally splitting his skull. Two springs of clear water are said to have bubbled up after he struck the ground with his. The king never punished the actual murderers, but they did their own pope's penance by crusading in the Holy Land. The four knights responsible for his murder were excommunicated and in 1174 Henry walked barefoot to Canterbury Cathedral in penance.
They thought they were only doing what the king wanted. Then they laid evil hands on him, dragging him so that they might kill him outside the church. Thomas came to occupy a position of trust and power in Henry's government unprecedented for a commoner. Beckett refused, resigned as Chancellor, and consolidated the landholdings of Canterbury under his control. This was the only military order native to England with chapters in not only Acre, but London, Kilkenny, and Nicosia , just as the was the only monastic order native to England.
However, the friendship quickly began to dissolve as Thomas resigned the Chancellorship and then began to refuse Henry the access to the church courts that he requested. On completion in 1197 the new foundation was dedicated to Becket, whom the king had known personally while at the English court as a young man. Gilbert began his life as a merchant, perhaps as a textile merchant, but by the 1120s he was living in London and was a property owner, living on the rental income from his properties. He was given a second blow to the head, but still stood firm. Under and , the archbishops had stood out for these reforms, sometimes with partial success. Butler's Lives of the Saints.
Church courts could not sentence clergymen to execution or mutilation by branding, for example , punishments commonly imposed by the king's secular courts. He acknowledged both publicly and privately that his words inspired the murder, though he never admitted to officially giving the order. But in the name of Almighty God, I forbid you to hurt my people whether clerk or lay. As archbishop For almost a year after the death of , the see of Canterbury was vacant. But when he realised that death was near, he bowed his head and joined hishands in prayer. The men of Strood had sided with the king in his struggles against the archbishop, and to demonstrate their support, had cut off the tail of Becket's horse as he passed through the town. Thomas was only doing what he thought was right.
The struggle between Church's and King's power is a theme of 's novel , of which one of the last scenes features the murder of Thomas Becket. Oxford Dictionary of Quotations Fifth ed. Mortified at having been beaten, Thomas quickly organized those bishops loyal to him and tried to rectify the mistake, even though this meant maligning Henry's intentions. The death of Thomas Becket sent shockwaves through England and beyond. However, the famous transformation of Becket into an occurred at this time. Born in London in 1117, he was assassinated in 1170 at age 52 in Canterbury. The main reasons that King Henry quarreled with Thomas Becket were because of clashes of beliefs and personalities.
On June 3, 1162, Thomas Becket became the Archbishop of Canterbury, the highest church office in England. If Henry was ill-advised in committing his claims to writing at Clarendon and in crowning his son, Thomas was equally ill-advised in needlessly opposing the king in 1163 and in wavering between and intransigence when careful diplomacy might have won out. A of the of , showing the murder of Becket. However, in the end even he lost patience with King Henry, and threatened him with excommunication unless Beckett was allowed to return to England in safety, and all charges against him were dropped. The Royal disagreed; they thought they should have more power.
On 7 July 1220, in the 50th year of his death, Becket's remains were moved from this first tomb to a in the recently completed Trinity Chapel. He was known for his efficiency but also for his pride and sanctimony. In the 11th century, strengthened the church with a series of reforms. Now, that question has many answers. In the aftermath of the murder, Thomas was quickly canonized as a saint and the spot of his murder became a near-instant pilgrimage site. He was not directly responsible fo the death of Becket. When he heard that the 4 Knights were off to Canterbury, Henry tried to stop them.
Observations of a Monk Edward Grim, a monk, observed the attack from the safety of a hiding place near the altar. This leads to an argument. He refused, and continued with his preparations for the holy service. And this was the destination of the pilgrims who traveled together and told their stories in Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. His desire to strengthen his justice system got him embroiled in a controversy with the church.