Also emphasis should not be lay on certificates. The numerous examination malpractice among secondary school students in Mushin Local Government over the years have become a growing concern since cheating is such a longstanding and global problem inherent by human beings. A comprehensive submission by Anyiin 1998 identified the fundamental causes of examination malpractice to include: 1. Indispensable: This refers to something that is too important ot do without. In the light of this definition, examination malpractice is simply illegally obtaining an answer to an examination question from any other source other than the brain of the examinee. Nevertheless, there is the common knowledge that we are living in an era of church denominationalism church proliferation yet crime rate and moral decadence increase daily in a geometrical progression thereby constituting a variance to the expected morality level.
It has become a prolific business enterprise branded with the name of private examination centres aided and abetted by corrupt examination officials, supported by parents who will not allow their children to be left out from the Trojan gift of malpractice. Purpose of the Study The primary purpose of this study was: 1. Even with the promulgation of Decree No 33 of 1999 Now Act of Parliament designed to check examination malpractice, the crime appears to be on the increase. . Cheating behaviour exhibited by the school, population is a big problem to our people. I am curious about social media. In Nigeria, however, examination malpractice became prominent in the 1970s, when youths who were in the colleges and universities before the advent of the Nigerian civil war in 1967, who were conscripted into the army during the war, came back at the end of the war in 1970 and went back to schools to continue with their education.
In fact, it constitutes the most serious problem facing Nigerian education system in general and secondary education in particular. This paper addresses the problem of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Nigeria, what sustains it, the consequences of examination malpractice and the ways through which examination malpractice could be curbed in order to give credibility to the examination process in the country. Examination malpractice, in its various forms in Nigeria has reached such a level and intensity that causes a great concern to the examiners, the government and its people, teachers, parents, employers of labour, admissions and examining bodies and the institutions of learning themselves. With examination malpractices and their attendant repercussion like withholding of and or cancellation of results, the country could no longer be sure of the efficacy, efficiency and productivity of the educational programmes and institutional procedures since the surest parameter for assessing instructional procedures is instructional outcome. In other words it should focuses on the intellectual ,affective and psychomotor. Examination malpractice has been a cause of great concern to the society to the extent that there had to be an enactment of the Examination Malpractices act 33 of 1999 to deal with its societal menace. These are the root causes of this tragedy.
The exam officials of these bodies lobby to be sent to such private schools because they know that there they will receive a share of the national cake. Statement of the Problem In the fight against examination malpractice, it appears that no one is exonerated. The proportionate stratified Random Sampling Technique was used to collect the sample of 90 schools for the study. It is a problem which has been afflicting the educational system for many years. Hence, inflated scores are produced etc. Maduka 1993 defined examination as a way to ascertain how much of a subject matter in a particular field of study the candidate has mastered.
The last option is the easiest one for the lazy people. Umar 2003 indicted head masters and principals as the biggest perpetrators of examination malpractice in the country. The remaining 40% which is examination may however not carry much weight in the overall assessment of the learner. This paper discusses issues in examination malpractice, pointing out the causes of its consequences. Examination malpractice in Nigeria would only bow to its solution, and never to grammar and bulk passing! Based on these findings, methods of tackling the menace are proffered and counselling implications are suggested. This study investigates the types, agents and factors sustaining examination malpractice in Nigeria.
This menace has really eating into the educational system of the world. This is because the Nigeria educational sector has failed to carry out its functions effectively by ensuring that only qualified teachers are employed to pass-on sound and qualitative education to the Nigerian child. Students, peer group and parents were the worst malpractitioners in a decreasing order of culpability. The population consisted of all secondary school teachers in Ilesa East Local Government Area of Osun State and all the students teachers in training from the Osun State College of Education, Ilesa. Empiricism shows that examinations indicate the extent of factual knowledge acquired by students, predict future educational achievement and provide a means of selecting suitable candidates for certain educational courses or occupation. Thus, when the so called elites could give out money for their children to be enrolled in such private centers then what do you expect from the illiterate business men in Onitsha main market who are easily swerved by their indolent children. The identified effects included discouragement of candidates from studying hard, denial of admission to deserving students, underachievement in labour market and overall reduction in quality of education.
She also opined that with proper emphases on formative evaluation whereby teachers mark and give students feedback on time, this would help students to be able to make the required amendment on time. Students may not be able to get all the needed information from the shortened version of the subjects. Two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Examination malpractice can lead to another area of misconduct such as robbery. Examination Board, Examination Bodies and Educational Institutions across the length and breadth of Nigeria. It is also true that examination malpractice would not have attained its present endemic state but for the fact that the major stake holders in education are at the forefront aiding and abetting the crime.
At least this help the teachers to do their work properly. Finally exam malpractice can be curbed in Nigeria tertiary institution only if the teachers and parents or guardians will play their part very well. The malefactors involved in this societal evil include corrupt government officials, indulgent parents, guardians, teachers, lecturers, host communities of exam centers, traditional institutions, peer groups, security agents, school administrators and the mass media. Then, they either give money to these children to hire or pay people directly to write exams for them. To put a stop to exam malpractice in Nigeria,our primary and junior secondary institution will have to take serious measures by punishing students caught in the act appropriately.