The important trees of these forests are rosewood, ebony, mahogany, rubber, cinchona, bamboo, coconut, palms, canes, lianas, etc. The roots stabilise the sand of the coast and are a superb barrier to tidal waves and hurricane force winds. Thick mangrove trees are the most common variety found here and the rootstock of the flora are sunken in the saline water. The southern slopes of the Himalaya Mountains have denser forests than the north facing areas. The moist deciduous forests are found in areas receiving rainfall between 100 cm and 200 cm, while the dry deciduous forests are found in areas having 70 cm to 150 cm of average annual rainfall. There is not much scope for thick and tall forests due to the shortage of moisture.
This programme encourages children and their parents to plant trees and look after them. Temperate deciduous forests occur in areas of moderate temperature and rainfall with chilly winters. Otherwise no forests would have remained. Geographical Distribution of Indian Forests Eastern zone consists of moist, deciduous and wet evergreen forests. There is, however, no common time for leaf shedding. Ultimately these forests merge into alpine grasslands, through the shrubs and scrubs.
Usually found in close proximity to the equator, the region remains temperate and soggy through the 365 days in a year. Krishna, Kaveri and Godaveri Deltas are covered by these forests. Tidal Forests: These forests are found near the sea coasts in the areas flooded by sea tides. Vegetation is sparse in this zone. The trees are well-adapted to combat the dry winter season.
The deciduous forest can further be divided into Moist and Dry. In India, they are part of the forests in the delta regions of rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra. Usually, mangrove dates, whistling pines, bullet wood and royal palm tree are predominant here. Nature has provided us with a large variety of wildlife in the forest areas. The average annual relative humidity should be 60 to 75 per cent. The semi-evergreen forests which are more gregarious are found along the lower slopes of eastern Himalaya Mountains, Assam, Orissa coast, Western coast and neighbouring hills.
Article shared by The natural vegetation, generally, grows well where there is enough rainfall. These forests experience an average temperature of about 26 degrees Celsius, with no pronounced cold or dry spells. Due to abundant rainfall, the soil is never deficient in moisture. It is also grown in the western parts of the plateau region. The tropical deciduous forests are commercially most important as they yield valuable timber and a variety of other forest products. Temperate Deciduous Forests in India Temperate Deciduous Forests are those, which consist of predominantly broad-leafed trees.
Moreover, Littoral and swamps are scattered throughout the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, as well as the delta area of the Brahmaputra River and the River Ganga. The defeat of French and Mogul armies by Lord Clive in 1757 laid the foundation of the British Empire in India. The relative humidity should be around 70 per cent. Coniferous trees like pine, spruce, deodar, cedar and silver fir are predominant in temperate forests in areas between 1500 to 3000mts of height. The leaves are mostly thick and small, which retards evaporation.
Tides are caused by the gravitational forces of the moon. The trees shed their leaves during the cold season. They are common in regions with rainfall between 200 and 300 cm. They generally occupy the southern slopes of the Himalayas and places that have high altitudes in northeast and southern India. Temperate Deciduous Forests in India Temperate Deciduous Forests are those, which consist of predominantly broad-leafed trees.
When the earth, moon and sun are positioned in a straight line i. Moist Deciduous Forests in India The moist deciduous forests are scattered throughout India except in the western and the north-western regions. Bombay, taken from the Portuguese, became the seat of English rule in 1687. This is the transition zone between evergreen and deciduous forest. Forest types are saprophytic in nature. Forest is also the home of many valuable and rare plants.
The higher the tides, the greater is the amount of electricity that can be generated from a given site. There are smaller ones in other parts of the world. Turtles, crocodile, gharials and snakes are found in large number here. The long reign of his great-grandson, Aurangzeb 1618-1707 , represents both the greatest extent of the Mogul Empire and the beginning of its decay. This type of forest is frequent in West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The shoots and branches of these trees are succulent to save water. Bombay, taken from the Portuguese, became the seat of English rule in 1687.
Rainforests are dominated by the broad-leaved evergreen trees, which form a leafy canopy over the forest floor. Sundari trees are found in the delta of Ganga Brahmaputra, these trees are known for their durable and hard timber. It is inversely proportional to the cost of electricity produced, making such sites also more economical. In the peninsular India, the mountain forests are found in the three district areas—the Western Ghats, the Vindhyas and the Nilgiris. This makes the passage difficult through the forests.