The legislation, the of 1914, carries the names of its two primary sponsors, Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia and Representative A. There is an inner desire among Extension professionals to explain things to people. Booker, working in Mound Bayou and other parts of the Delta. The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 was a federal law designed to provide cooperative agricultural extension services that connected land-grant universities to the general public. Such additional sums shall be used only for the purposes hereinbefore stated, and shall be allotted annually to each State by the Secretary of Agriculture and paid in the manner hereinbefore provided, in the proportion which the rural population of each State bears to the total rural population of all the States as determined by the next preceding Federal census: Provided further. Professional educators were sent out into local, rural communities in order to improve the lives of the people.
Simultaneously Hoke Smith of Georgia introduced a similar bill in the Senate. It also provides opportunities to meet with leaders in the U. The Act of October 5, 1962. Second, effective Extension professionals are compelled to teach. Roger Victory was the lead sponsor on a similar resolution in the House of Representatives, , which House members voted to adopt on Tuesday. Last Thursday, the Michigan Senate adopted , recognizing the significance of the Smith-Lever Act to the establishment of Cooperative Extension nationwide and encouraging people to observe and celebrate the centennial with a focus on launching an innovative and sustainable future for Cooperative Extension.
The idea was to take all the wisdom and knowledge from the land-grant institutions and make that available to people in their everyday lives — out on the farm, in their homes, in their businesses and in their communities. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties. Department of Agriculture who support and work with Cooperative Extension programs across the country. Shackleford of Missouri, then amended by Sen. Roger Victory is the lead sponsor on a similar resolution in the House of Representatives, and the House members are expected to vote on the resolution next week. Such sums shall be paid in equal quarterly payments in or about July, October, January, and April of each year to the treasurer or other officer of the State duly authorized by the laws of the State to receive the same, and such officer shall be required to report to the Secretary of Agriculture on or about the first day of April of each year, at detailed statement of the amount so received during the previous fiscal year and its disbursement, on forms prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. Clover All Over: North Carolina 4-H in Action.
The Smith-Lever Act, first proposed in 1911, took advantage of this sort of club-building enthusiasm by offering a permanent structure and some federal funds. Our network of educators makes faculty expertise and university research available to communities. In looking ahead for 2014, one of our great opportunities will be to ask how we can better serve our staff and faculty with professional development opportunities that will stretch their skill sets, increase their effectiveness, and ultimately feed those twin motivations of curiosity and pedagogy that help each of us to succeed. Congressional opponents of the bill in Congress argued that the most effective method for extension work was demonstration work as pioneered by Seaman A. I was joined by Bindu Bhakta, Phil Durst, Deanna East, Sharon Jeffery, Lynnae Jess and Bev Przystas, each representing his or her professional Extension association. In North Carolina this occurred in 1915.
You may want to listen to my conversation with Kirk Heinze that took place March 21 on on. The Act of June 26, 1953, ch. A very special Happy Birthday wish to National 4-H Hall of Fame Laureate and Centenarian C. Research Papers examine how the farming industry has changed over the years, and how the work was divided between the family members. During this centennial year of the passage of the Smith-Lever Act creating the Cooperative Extension Service, it is appropriate to recall one 4-H activity recognizing the creation of that legislation from 70 years ago. Seven more counties came on board in 1914, and many soon followed, with 41 of 58 California counties securing Cooperative Extension farm advisors by 1922. When we mark our time in years, it seems as inappropriately scaled as documenting nutrition in units of feasts.
Of the remainder so appropriated for each fiscal year 20 per centum shall be paid to the several States in equal proportions, 40 per centum shall be paid to the several States in the proportion that the rural population of each bears to the total rural population of the several States as determined by census, and the balance shall be paid to the several States in the proportion that the farm population of each bears to the total farm population of the several States as determined by the census: Provided, That payments out of the additional appropriations for further development of extension work authorized herein may be subject to the making available of such sums of public funds by the States from non-Federal funds for the maintenance of cooperative agricultural extension work provided for in this Act, as may be provided by the Congress at the time such additional appropriations are made: Provided further, That any appropriation made hereunder shall be allotted in the first and succeeding years on the basis of the decennial census current at the time such appropriation is first made, and as to any increase, on the basis of decennial census current at the time such increase is first appropriated. As such, it is the basis both for the promotion of vocational education, and for its isolation from the rest of the curriculum in most school settings. The latest entry features Tomato Canning Clubs and canning education taught by Extension throughout history. Capitol Visitors Center in Washington, D. The Smith-Lever Act was amended in its entirety by the Act of June 26, 1953, ch.
No portion of said moneys shall be applied, directly or indirectly, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings, or the purchase or rental of land, or in college-course teaching, lectures in college, or any other purpose not specified in this Act. Lever was from South Carolina and Smith was from Georgia. The proposed system would have three distinct levels. Four per centum of the sum so appropriated for each fiscal year shall be allotted among the States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico by the Secretary of Agriculture on the basis of special needs as determined by the Secretary. . Each state's governor and legislature had to accept the federal act before it could be implemented in its jurisdiction. Lever of South Carolina, the was expanding vocational, agricultural, and home demonstration programs across rural America.
It shall be the duty of said colleges, annually on or about the first day of January, to make to the Governor of the State in which it is located a full and detailed report of its operations in extension work as defined in this Act, including a detailed statement of receipts and expenditures from all sources for this purpose, a copy of which report shall be sent to the Secretary of Agriculture. Cooperative Extension was started to help farmers, homemakers, and youth use the latest university research to improve their lives. The act is an expansion and modification of the 1914 Smith-Lever Act and both where based largely on a report and recommendation from Charles Allen Prosser's Report of the National Commission on Aid to Vocational Education. As the nation urbanized, many Cooperative Extension efforts were developed to meet the needs of non-rural audiences. Early Years In its first years, Cooperative Extension played a critical role on the home front during World War I, helping farmers to grow enough wheat and other crops to meet expanded war-time needs. Our placemaking team and community food systems team help communities discover how to attract people. In the year ahead, we want to take advantage of the opportunity to celebrate our legacy — 100 years of Cooperative Extension in Michigan — and the future that we will create from that legacy.