He learns while there that Odysseus is still alive and trapped by Calypso. She tells him to seek out Eumaeus when he returns who will relay his return to Penelope. Athena, Odysseus's guardian, decides with the King of Gods according to Greek mythology, Zeus, to take the form of Mentes, a Taphian chief and speak to Telemachus. The Phaeacians recall a particular prophecy warning them against helping strangers and decide never to help a traveler again. Telemachus silences them though and demands that Odysseus be given the bow and a chance. Finally, they arrive in Thrinicia, where they encounter the Cattle of the Sun.
The Gods of Olympus continue to debate what they shall do about Odysseus, but Athena takes the initiative to visit and help his son, Telemachus. In disguise as a beggar, Odysseus investigates his palace. A mere child when his father left for the Trojan War, Telemachus is, at the beginning of The Odyssey, an inexperienced, unhappy, and helpless young man. Odysseus arrives at the palace as a beggar and is immediately treated poorly. He still keeps his name to himself, but relays his story of the journey from Calypso to the beaches of Scheria and Nausicaa that morning. It is a test of physical prowess, where the bow of Odysseus was to be strung, and an arrow to be shot through twelve ace heads. He will enter the palace disguised as a beggar, while Telemachaus hides the excess arms away from the access of the suitors.
She tells Telemachus that he must avenge his father by killing the suitors that dishonor the estate, as Prince Orestes avenged the death of his father Agamemnon by killing his father's murderer. He chances upon Helen and Menelaus bear witness of a meeting with sea-god Proteus. She does this in the guise of Mentes, ruler of the Taphians. When Odysseus departed, he had given charge of his house to this man. Some epics were composed in order to be performed from memory, and so they include poetic devices to make them more memorable.
Asphalion Another squire of Menelaus. Odysseus freely gives inferences about the thoughts and feelings of other characters. Despite having been warned by Teiresias and Circe not to eat the cattle, Odysseus' men couldn't control their hunger. He announces the arrival of Telemachus and Peisistratus to his king. Odysseus thus describes the months of travel that led him to the island of Calypso and then to Scheria. Nestor has no news to relay though and recounts the fates of Agamemnon and Menelaus after the fall of Troy. Just when it looks like more violence is on the way, Athene appears and asks why we can't all get along.
The suitors are duly upset at their failure and begin to plan their next move against him. The suitors are amazed at the prince's confidence and daring. Odysseus sets sail on a makeshift raft, but the sea god , whose wrath Odysseus incurred earlier in his adventures by blinding Poseidon's son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, conjures up a storm. She then advises him to visit Pylos and Sparta to discern as much as he can about his father. For instance, the story of Agamemnon parallels that of Odysseus. The Odyssey ends as Odysseus wins a contest to prove his identity, slaughters the suitors, and retakes the throne of Ithaca.
Several English translations were published in the 20th century, notably those by Emile Victor E. Poseidon curses the hero to wander the seas for a decade and only return home with the help of others. After Athena flies away, Telemachus addresses the suitors. Inspired, Telemachus thanks her for her advice, and she leaves. The following day, the men cling to the bottom of the sheep and leave the cave when Polyphemus leads them out. The Odyssey is 's epic of 10-year struggle to return home after the Trojan War. He does not hold out any hope, however, and he and his mother remain helpless against the arrogant suitors.
Eumaeus likes the beggar though and offers him a cloak and a place to sleep. Telemachus knows now that Athena shares his sense of right and wrong — of honor and dishonor — and so he addresses the suitors with great conviction. He quickly and easily strings the bow and shoots the arrow through all twelve axes. He is one of the few Ithacans in the assembly who remain loyal to Odysseus. However, with destiny playing truant, Odysseus does not retain the only 'safe' wind that could blow him homeward. One's reputation is determined by how others view him, assessing his character, values, and behavior according to the prevailing social standards and mores.
She finds Telemachus sitting idly in the midst of the festivities, dreaming of routing the insolent suitors from the estate. However, the suitors, led by Antinous, plan to ambush him upon his return. Penelope had done her best to dissuade and delay the suitors, but now over 100 men were awaiting a decision. Telemachus does not believe the gods will aid him, and even if they did it would be to no avail; Athena disagrees. He is not, however, without his flaws, which sometimes get him into trouble.
Odysseus withholds his identity for as long as he can until finally, at the Phaeacians' request, he tells the story of his adventures. Welcomed by the Nestor family, Telemachus then embarks on a land journey alongside Sparta, Nestor's son. In the world of Odysseus, one's most treasured possession is his good reputation. After they leave the island, Zeus does just that by throwing a storm toward them that immediately sinks the ship and kills every man aboard except Odysseus. At a divine council on Mount Olympus, Athena pleads with her father, Zeus, to take pity on Odysseus and allow him to return home. .
While Odysseus battles mystical creatures and faces the wrath of the gods, his wife and his son stave off suitors vying for Penelope's hand and Ithaca's throne long enough for Odysseus to return. Once again, we are meant to focus on the differences of hospitality between Telemachus and the suitors. He declares his intentions to remain the lord of the estate in Odysseus's absence. Telemachus is unhappy because his home is beset by suitors who want to marry his mother, Penelope, and take over Odysseus' throne. Zeus decides to spare Odysseus and sends Hermes to order Calypso to release Odysseus from captivity: here, the gods interfere directly with Odysseus's life. Written by: Type of Work: epic poem Genres: ; mythology First Published: probably around 700 B. Eurymachus adds that the gods alone decide who will rule Ithaca, and inquires about the strange visitor.