They send their message to someone else 4. A dual perspective such as this, then, could form the basis of a feminist standpoint which would generate challenging questions about the social and political structures that engender the reality that black women academics experience in their professional and personal lives. Harding argues that standpoint theory imposes a rigorous logic of discovery involving a strong demand for ongoing reflection and self-critique from within a standpoint, enabling the justification of socially-situated knowledge claims. The ongoing political and epistemic project of achieving a standpoint offers critical insights that give rise to a new perspective on reality. This element being the perception of how easy or difficult it is to perform the behavior. It agues for, a specifically womans epistemological standpoint. But, while this self-disclosure can be effective in creating intimate relationships, it can also leave one or more persons vulnerable.
Symbolic Interaction Theory suggests that the concept of self is created by three principles: 1 Meaning: that we act towards and things according to the meanings we apply to them. He also said that when we suggest that decisions should be made rationally, not emotionally, for example, we are showing that reason holds a higher value in our culture than does emotion. If these speakers did not have emotion behind their speeches, they would not be nearly as successful in their endeavors because the audience would not acquire the feeling that they genuinely care about what they are speaking about. For example, if there are two Hispanic women in a group, their standpoints may be similar in terms of race and sex categories; however, if their economic status is different, their standpoints are not completely the same. Social Learning Theory argues that people learn from each other through observing, imitating, and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. It suggest there are two routes of persuasion.
Standpoint theory's most important concept is that an individual's own perspectives are shaped by his or her social and political experiences. By relations of power I refer to a particular conception of power, namely, the ability of an individual or a group to constrain the choices available to another individual or group Allen 1989, 33. Fieldwork is performance because it involves suspension of disbelief on the part of both the participant observer and the host culture. This body of work concerns the ways that authority is rooted in individuals' knowledge their perspectives , and the power that such authority exerts. This perception can range from a central or peripheral type of belief.
In her view, Hardings perspectives show, emancipatory values it contributes to removing oppressive power relations. Another influence on the interpretation of the message is color. Speech codes theory deals with only one type of human behavior—speech acts. The theory ignores the history of women and how they have been confined in society both politically and socially and therefore is not an adequate observation of the differences that may be present between men and women. Since privileged individuals, on the other hand, have no need to observe the realities of inferior groups, their standpoints are usually narrow and biased by comparison. The information theory is the extentsion of Nyquist's and Hartley's origingal ideas on the subject.
In that study, Morrit contends that feminists must have a 'starting point' of women different from their own lived experiences in order to transcend their ' experiential limitations'. Culture is not experienced identically by all members of society because of inequities. There are multiple shows that could have been chosen to cover this theory. They suggested that the impoverished poor who provide sweat equity are society's ideal knowers, as long as they understand the class struggle in which they are involved. Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.
This has affected how communication is conducted interpersonal and intrapersonal. Furthermore, the two sources of controversial principles are the changing political agenda of feminists and the clash of different disciplines and their related epistemology and ontology Harding 196-197. Proletarian standpoint suggests that the impoverished and other members of lower levels of the societal hierarchy are the ideal knowers. These structures form social systems which develop a life of their own. Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. The purpose of Standpoint Theory is to provide an understanding of why people communicate in different ways and promote the empowerment of marginalized individuals.
This shows the audience are willing to receive both praise and critique. Since I am from a background that is second in terms of social class, I feel that the high social class individuals dominate over me. Dramatism Dramatism states that life is drama. It is imperative to assert that the mentioned sociological standpoint affects me and define my daily experience and how I relate to varied individuals whom I encounter. The creation of the mobile phone marked a new era for America and the world. Despite the fact these influences are conflicting, Harding and Wood's theory is held together by the strong belief that all research should start from the lives of women and other marginalized groups. Greater variability of communication style exists among women and among men than between the two groups.
Upon exploring the four different personal listening styles from which we had to choose, I was surprised to realize that I am considered a people-oriented and content-oriented listener. West and Turner stated that an author by the name of Catherine O'Leary 1997 argued that although Standpoint Theory has been helpful in reclaiming women's experiences as suitable research topics, it contains a problematic emphasis on the universality of this experience, at the expense of differences among women's experiences. Rich people get more respect than the poor people while white people get better treatment all around the world than any other race. The theory suggests that a person looks for balance in their beliefs. Communicating Gender Diversity: A Critical Approach.