There is always a connection between the economic basis of a society and the ideas which arise within that society. Kautsky in the same spirit argued that classes and the state appear together as products of war and conquest. The Origin Of The State Political thinkers have attempted to explain the origin of the state in various ways. . Even in the nineteenth century the Kings of Austria, Prussia and Russia formed the Holy Alliance under the notion that they were appointed by God to rule over their people. What was that General Will? Unitary states are contrasted with federal states federations : In a unitary state, sub national units are created and abolished and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government.
Whatever may have been the earlier form of the family, pastoral life, which is marked with substantial property interests, increased the social dominance of the male. They are universal stages in the sense that groups generally passed from the one to the other, from lower to higher. According to this theory,since each catastrophe completely destroyed the existing life, eachnew creation consisted of life form different from that of previousones. When tribes expanded by incorporation or conquest, kinship and ancestor-worship proved weak ties of union among the diverse people spread over extended territory. Or take a woman's virtue: there is no difficulty in describing it as the duty of ordering the house well, looking after the property indoors, and obeying her husband. It could not have survived the transition from feudalism to capitalism without changing fundamentally.
In the fifth place, Marxism, by identifying the state with the party, encourages the totalitarianism of the worst type like Fascism and Nazism. This is one of the most common forms of state origin in countries that were colonized and which subsequently became independent after armed struggle. He looked towards natural forces, such as storms, thunder and lightning, clouds and wind, the sun, moon and stars with awe and reverence. Human beings are human beings inside and not outside of society. In the religious books also the state is said to be created by God. Kinship and religion in the primitive society were two aspects of the same thing and both acted simultaneously in welding together families and tribes.
Historical researches of the second-half of the 19th century revealed that the Patriarchal Theory did not offer a universal solution of the problems of kinship and origin of the society. The Social Contract theory replaced the theory of Divine Origin and the former was replaced by the Historical or Evolutionary theory. The result was that the erstwhile blind faith and superstition was no longer acceptable. For example, Greekmythology and some religions of the Ancient Near East refer tochaos, the formless or void state of primordial matter precedingthe creation of the universe or cosmos in creation myths. When human activities were considered the motive force of the state, the divine one receded to the background and finally vanished away.
Thus Locke supported the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Their affinity was not on the basis of blood relationship but through some symbols like tree or animal. The population began to multiply. Capitalism can be abolished while patriarchy remains intact. Without an established civil society there cannot be any right.
It relies on the use of aggression to come to power. The hallowed ceremonies of ancestor worship were conducted at the family altar. Some anthropologists, such as Ciccodicola, have argued that patriarchy is a. They assume a certain level of income, which means a certain level of housing and a certain choice about where one lives, sends ones children to school and so on. Theory of Chemical Evolution This theory is also known as Materialistic Theory orPhysico-chemical Theory. It is not known to history that any such contract was made. Thus, society did not come into being by virtue of a pact or special provision; it emerged spontaneously and followed its own line of development.
They are quite different in essence, organisation, functions and purposes. It is theoretical acceptance of these countries being somehow better than Western capitalism that leads to acceptance of theories of patriarchy: if women are manifestly unequal there, this must be the fault of men, rather than of the economic system. Consequently, the monarch acts as the father of all his subjects. These representations are reflected in theological theory, which is one of the most ancient attempts to explain this phenomenon. The state of nature was bereft of society, government and political authority.
This is what Engels pointed to in his controversial writings on the subject. Divine Origin Theory: The Genesis of Divine Origin Theory: The oldest theory about the origin of the state is the divine origin theory. Women and men are not rejecting the institution of marriage, but no longer feel it has to be for life. In that, Engels was right. A woman had more than one husband and because of the uncertainty of male parentage kinship was reckoned through woman that is from mother to daughters.
Thus the system of marriage would include polygamy as also polyandry. Many scientists like Descartes, Galileo andHelmont supported this idea. Biologist asserts that patriarchy persists through social and political reasons, rather than purely biological causes. It does not stand the commonsense of the moderns that God selects anybody to rule over the state. Here lies the basis for patriarchy. Before we explain the relationship between man and society, it may be worthwhile to explain the origin of society. There was a parallel development of both the systems.
Leacock has pointed out, there does not seem any adequate proof for regarding it as the universal and necessary beginning of society. Similarly, several theories like force theory, patriarchal theory, matriarchal theory, divine origin theory and finally the evolutionary theory advanced the origin of the state. For example, anthropologist Marvin Harris 1977 proposed that because most men are stronger than most women and survival in tribal groups required hand-to-hand combat, men became the warriors, and women became the reward that enticed men to risk their lives in battle. In it, he defended the divine right of kings as having title inherited from , the first man of the human species, according to tradition. In such states, it is important for both the leaders and the rest of the population to follow the stipulations in the constitution, which is drawn up by both parties. Human life was marked by force and deceit. He controlled not only the business affairs of the group which he headed but its religion and its conduct.