Das, Swarajist leader, died in June at Darjeeling where Gandhi had just spent some days with him. Questions on this quiz are based on information from. Influenced by the Hindu religious book, the Bhagvad Gita, Gandhi wanted to purify his life by following the concepts of aparigraha non-possession and samabhava equability. Excited by the idea, Gandhi managed to convince his mother and wife by vowing before them that he would abstain from eating meat and from having sex in London. The conductor swore and rained blows on him, trying to throw him down. His statues are installed all over the world and he is considered the most prominent personality in Indian history.
He called his band a 'Peace Brigade'. India was ruled by Britain and Gandhi disliked the way that Indians were treated. This launched his campaign for improved legal status for Indians in South Africa, who at that time suffered the same discrimination as black people. In practice, satyagraha was a focused and forceful nonviolent resistance to a particular injustice. The paper became an organ to give information about the struggle. Hundreds of thousands of his supporters gathered around the jail.
What was extraordinary was the way his adventures ended. Yet Gandhi soon found his fame getting in the way of accurately seeing the conditions that the poorer people lived in day to day. Within a week of his arrival there, Gandhi made his first public speech making truthfulness in business his theme. He was abstinent from meat, alcohol, and promiscuity. In South Africa, he faced racial discrimination directed towards blacks and Indians.
In November, he commenced his country-wide Harijan tour, starting from Nagpur, for rousing the masses to a sense of their duty in regard to the abolition of untouchability. Mahatma Gandhi stayed on in South Africa for nearly 21 years to fight against racial discrimination against Indian settlers. And so the Wheel of time turned on. The answer was the salt tax. Before sailing, he sent a pair of sandals he had made in jail to General Smuts as a gift.
He also encouraged people to strike and to stop buying British goods. In an attempt to travel more anonymously, Gandhi began wearing a loincloth dhoti and sandals the average dress of the masses during this journey. When he recovered consciousness and was told that his assailants had been arrested he insisted on them being released. He was barred from many hotels because of his race. Although most of the other Indian students ate meat while they were in England, Gandhi was determined not to do so, in part because he had vowed to his mother that he would stay a vegetarian. A practitioner of satyagraha also would never take advantage of an opponent's problems.
During that first night of his trip, sitting in the cold of the railroad station after being thrown off the train, Gandhi contemplated whether he should go back home to India or to fight the discrimination. His principles and firm belief in non-violence have been followed by many other important leaders including Martin Luther King, Jr. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948. He was assassinated in 1948 by a fanatic. Influenced by the Gita, Gandhi wanted to purify his life by following the concepts of aparigraha non-possession and samabhava equability.
Gandhi showed it was possible to fight injustice without resorting to violence. Sapru, Jaykar helped to bring about a truce. A Satyagrahi a person using Satyagraha would resist the injustice by refusing to follow an unjust law. Instructions: To take the quiz, click on the answer. It was in South Africa where Gandhi would experience racial prejudice against Indians and would begin his work in civil rights.
Gandhi had proved that nonviolent protest could be immensely successful. His grandfather Uttamchand Gandhi and father Karamchand Gandhi occupied the high office of the diwan Chief Minister of Porbandar. He also fasted during a strike of mill workers in Ahmedabad. He and his followers defied the Rowlatt act. Young Gandhi had his primary education up to the seventh year at Porbandar. In 1897, Gandhi brought his wife and children to South Africa.
This was a partial victory. Tolstoy farm was built by Gandhi on land donated by Kallenbach, as a colony for housing satyagrahis families. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. There, Gandhi was seated in the first-class compartment, as he had purchased a first-class ticket. Although Gandhi was hoping to earn a little bit of money and to learn more about law, it was in South Africa that Gandhi transformed from a very quiet and shy man to a resilient and potent leader against discrimination. They invited many religious leaders and B. Both the arranged marriage and the young age may seem strange to some of us, but it was the normal way of doing things where he grew up.
But though his legal work was soon over, he remained there for 21 years, fighting for Indian rights and defending indentured labour in low courts against discrimination. Disconsolate at his death, Gandhi wrote a touching obituary in the glow of the funeral pyre. He was however disappointed with the congress. Gandhi, Nehru, and other Congress Party leaders were imprisoned, touching off violence throughout India. The end of the great war brought India no freedom, only more repression. In March 1907, the Black Act was passed, requiring all Indians - young and old, men and women - to get fingerprinted and to keep registration documents on them at all times.