But any form of callousness on their part will make the bureaucrats forgetful of their duty to society. Good governance is a slogan of most of the states, particularly the liberal democratic states. From oil companies being held responsible for their processes to ensure there are no oil spills to pharmaceutical companies disclosing adverse affects in medications to loggers reseeding areas that have been cut down in order to replenish the forests for future generations. They learn to have a sense of ownership in what they do. The nations before you weredestroyed because if a noble personcommitted theft, they used to leave him, butif a weak person among them committedtheft, they used to inflict the legal punishmenton him. Every member of bureaucracy must show respect to these rules that is, they scrupulously obey the rules.
A slave is a guardian over the property of his master and shall be questioned about it as to how he safeguarded his trust. Through positive feedback and corrective actions, they learn that their behavior and actions have an impact on the team. There are different levels of public accountability as it relates to the entity being held accountable; public or private sector. The decisions of judges are treated as law. Some of the self-regulatory mechanisms are internal coordination, self-discipline, checks and balances, introductions of hierarchical system etc.
Concluding Remarks Considering the important role civil service plays in the country, it is essential that public goods and services should be evenly distributed to all Nigerians. Whenever one is asked to do a job, there must lie the system of controlling the process. Whereas, the bureaucrats are permanent executives and they are fully aware of numerous aspects of public administration. Thus, there are authors that associate accountability to the notion of sense of responsibility. Normally the tenure of ministers is tied with the tenure of the legislature. The First Theoretical Positioning is based on the agent theory; the Second Theoretical Positioning is based on the theory of legitimacy; and the Third Theoretical Positioning is based on the individual behavior of the people that is why the authors call it behavioral theory. It is important for government to regain the trust of its citizens.
The situation is aggravated by the fact that the politicians in general and ministers in particular are corrupt and the top bureaucrats exploit this situation in their favour-they do not hesitate to follow corrupt practices for the gratification of their personal gains and desires This has eroded the sphere of accountability of civil servants to the society The ordinary people are helpless. One of the main responsibilities of any public agency or civil servant is to be accountable to the people whom they serve, the American citizen. The New Public Management has talked about empowering the citizens to assess the activities of government. Public accountability manifests itself in two primary forms: fiscal and social accountability. Democracy makes it permissible for citizens to hold government officials accountable and also to monitor and control government conduct, which prevents the development of concentration of power within a particular office. The ministers perform executive functions for a fixed period of time. None could violate the general will because he was also the part of the general will.
Users can select articles or chapters that meet their interests and gain access to the full content permanently in their personal online InfoSci-OnDemand Plus library. Here arises the accountability to conscience. There is an accountability to ethics or morality which is called bureaucratic morality or, what some public administrationists call, bureaucratic ethics. It is to be remembered that the public administration will do the necessary job of development. Ideas like decentralization, delegation of powers, the importance of performance monitoring and also the implementation of changes which describe the mechanisms of accountability by the public officials, in order to meet the necessities of the citizens, are the key elements of this new management paradigm.
One is empowered to rule but to what extent that satisfies the people that poses an important question. The New Public Management stresses both accountability and good governance. In such systems there are two types of executives-one is permanent executive-bureaucrat and the other is temporary executive-that is minister. This is a very common cause that a person by whom he is elected is accountable to him or them. When it comes to the public sector, strong ethics are paramount.
Officially, it is the responsibility of corporations, public officials and those in power, to justify their conduct to the general public while using accountability mechanisms. It is necessary for Nigeria to have a sense of accountability because a newly democratic government needs strong institutions to support the democratic process. Augusta da Conceição Santos Ferreira, Graça Maria do Carmo Azevedo, Jonas da Silva Oliveira and Rui Pedro Figueiredo Marques, 188-201 2016 , accessed February 04, 2019. So is the importance of accountability of bureaucracy to society. This type of alertness will make civil servants conscious of their responsibility to the society. Additionally, a code of ethics creates standards of professionalism that co-workers in the public sector can expect from each other — the public can also expect the same from their leaders. Communication also keeps all parties involved so that they can all work toward a common goal.
Moreover, they are to make sure that social services are administered and the Government runs properly, and not succumbing to fraud. A man is a guardian over the members of his family and shall be questioned about them as to how he looked after their physical and moral well-being. Of course the departmental head or secretary of the department can give suggestions to the minister and he can even warn the minister of the possible consequences of the policy which, the minister is going to announce. This is the dictionary meaning of accountability. It devises new techniques or methods to tackle situations or problems. Everyone was legally bound by the principles of general will.
Public sector accountability means that government and its employees are both answerable, accountable and their activities are open to the public. The ministers are doubly accountable. In other words, the bureaucrats must be made conscious of their responsibility to society. New Public Management and Accountability : In the fields of public administration and management America is always a pioneer. It is said that first of all a civil servant is accountable to the administrative system It is because he is a member of civil service or bureaucracy. Accountability is a desired trait for any organization.
The agency receives complaints, investigates and prosecutes offenders. In essence, records of government activities ought to be open to the people unless it concerns security details of the country. But while people elect someone or some number of people for transaction of some job, it is a general expectation that he or they will do the job satisfactorily. Public or social accountability is described as when the citizens hold government agencies or corporations accountable. In Greek city-states the citizens assembled in open places and took decisions on legislative and administrative affairs. The designated New Public Management underlying a set of features and instruments derived from business management, which until its introduction in the public sector was exclusively from the private sector.