Toussaint would face counterrevolution again and again for the next nine years both at home and abroad. He abolished slavery in the Spanish-speaking colony and declared himself Governor-General for life over the entire island of Hispaniola. Jean-Jacques Dessalines After Napoleon Bonaparte had Toussant Louverture captured and brought to France, the French ruler planned to reinstate slavery in Saint-Domingue. Throughout the southern plantations in the United States, slave holders increased their vigilance and ramped up brutality to dissuade any would-be rebels from imitating their Haitian neighbors. Thus thus south and west were divided into three factions, and the whites in Port-au-Prince were in a most weakened position.
Now on to the reasons the Revolution succeeded. In fact one can argue that this served as a double edged sword. Within two months isolated fighting broke out between Europeans and affranchis, and in thousands of slaves rose in rebellion. It was the only successful slave revolt in modern times. When the authorities in France debated the issue it was clear to them that the problem was to bring unity between the free people of color and the whites against the rebelling slaves. But, prior to that spark there was a great deal of dissatisfaction with the Metropolitan France and that dissatisfaction created some very strange alliances and movements. Petion and Christophe, as well as their successors, continued to vie for control of a unified Haiti.
In this kind of situation, the last priority for food distribution is the slaves, and as a result, there was a large population of slaves that was not well-fed and mistreated. There was no provision for a French official, however, because Toussaint professed himself a Frenchman and strove to convince Bonaparte of his loyalty. . Dubois opens the book with an impressively detailed description of Haiti's pre- Revolutionary history. This revolt was not unique, as there were several rebellions of its kind against the institution of plantation slavery in the Caribbean, but the Haitian Revolution the most successful.
There is little doubt that the participants of the German Coast Uprising took inspiration from the Haitian Revolution, although they were not nearly so successful. They were inadequately fed, with virtually no medical care, not allowed to learn to read or write and in general were treated much worse than the work animals on the plantation. With every revolution comes questions such as; why did they revolt? The mulattoes however realized that an excellent way to improve their living standards was to adapt to the revolutionary idea to fight for their rights without considerations for the black slaves which later made them sent a delegation to Paris to be included in the rights of man. Despite this, Haiti struggled throughout the 19th century to establish itself as an independent nation. The French withdrew from Haiti but maintained a presence in the eastern part of the island until 1809.
Collecting an army of his own, Toussaint trained his followers in the tactics of. Talking ,Politics Education , being Self-Sufficient -. Although the effects and significance of the Haitian Revolution were profound, both for Haitians and for the rest of the world, the prosperity and freedom that Haitian revolutionaries hoped for has never been fully realized. This eventual recognition only occurred because Haiti was forced to pay an exorbitant 150 million gold Francs in reparations to France for the revolt and secession. The colony became Frances richest, the envy of every other European nation. Haitian history changed forever in 1794 when Toussaint Louverture, an ex-slave, decided to fight for the French Republic.
Thus once again Paris reversed itself and with the historic and landmark Decree of April, 4, 1792, the free people of color were finally given full citizenship with the whites. These were citizens of mixed black and white ancestry. Elimination of rivals Though he worked well with Laveaux, Toussaint eased him out in 1796. Everyone in the colony was paying attention to what was going on in France. Domingue and this caused the country to split into two groups: the revolutionary forces of the middle and lower classes which got support from various revolutionaries against the nobility which represented the ancient regime.
Laveaux, Toussaint, and the Black generals controlled the north and west. This had to do with the color of the hats they wore. But, it reflects the constant fear in which the slave owners lived, and explains the brutality of their system of control. Moreover, the Haitian Revolution would lead to the doubling of the size of the United States. Yet, conflict and resentment permeated the society of San Domingo, and slave resistance began to take an organized form in the late 18th century. Descendents of mixed blood were trying to establish suffrage from a recent National Assembly ruling.
The Haitian Revolution started in 1791 shortly after the French administrators governed the island and this was because of the long struggles the slaves went through in the French colony, but was later freed by the Mulattoes who faced the trials of being denoted as semi-citizens. On March 28, 1790 the General Assembly in Paris passed an ambiguous piece of legislation. Despite the harshness and cruelty of Saint Dominigue slavery, there were slave rebellions before 1791. This had a great deal to do with the influence of the French Revolution, as it helped to inspire events in Haiti. Cast away the image of the god of the whites, who thirsts for our tears, and listen to the voice of liberty that speaks in all of our hearts. Most aspirations can be achieved if people just stick to them.