When they try to deliver the note, however, they find to their dismay that the knothole has been filled with cement. Jem is concerned about him, and the three children sneak into town to find him. Chapters 4—6 Summary: Chapter 4 The rest of the school year passes grimly for Scout, who endures a curriculum that moves too slowly and leaves her constantly frustrated in class. In the days following the trial, Bob Ewell publicly threatens Atticus, which frightens the children. However, this event is the catalyst for their next game. Not realizing the danger of the situation, Scout runs into the middle of the mob.
Scout is proud that she has chosen to be a coward at Atticus' behest by no longer fist fighting with children who make disparaging remarks. Uncle Natchell cartoon mascot for a fertilizer product called Natural Chilean Nitrate of Soda; advertisements for this product were in comic book or story form. Of course, Scout considers Calpurnia to be a sufficient feminine influence. While she is outside, someone puts a blanket on her. Scout initially disagrees, but he convinces her that the mystery person is male. Significantly, Dill is quiet throughout the entire confrontation with the mob.
Later that night, Scout goes outside to find that Miss Maudie's house is on fire. Merriweather criticizes her maid, Sophy, for complaining, but then passes off her own judgement as a form of Christian witness. Gradually, Jem and Scout seem to realize that nothing is at it seems. Maycomb may not be a very nice town to live in if you aren't white, but for Dill, the town is a sanctuary when things are stormy elsewhere. Throughout the novel, Lee has been working on two levels.
Then Sheriff Tate and a group of other men come by the house to tell Atticus that Tom Robinson is being moved to the county jail and that there may be trouble. Again, these two chapters show Scout and Jem that appearances aren't always what they seem. Scout continues to be disillusioned with school, but Jem promises her that it will get better every year. Finally, Aunt Alexandra arrives to live with them, seemingly unannounced. Miss Maudie informs them that Mr.
They have a housekeeper named Calpurnia, who is a stern kind-hearted African-American. She chews both of them but, when she gets home, Jem is alarmed and tells her to spit it out. Finally, Scout has a chance to meet the shy and nervous Boo. Scout walks Boo home and imagines how he has viewed the town and observed her, Jem and Dill over the years from inside his home. In the last instance, pride drives his bravery more than fear of punishment.
Scout is in the Halloween pageant at school, playing the part of a ham. Jem and Scout can't understand why Atticus doesn't continue to use his innate talent for hunting like other men in Maycomb do. Atticus tells Scout that he has to fight a battle he can't win because it is the morally correct thing to do. They try leaving notes for Boo on his windowsill with a fishing pole, but are caught by Atticus, who firmly reprimands them for making fun of a sad man's life. The narrator explains that the Ewell family is even poorer than the Cunninghams. Against Scout's better judgement, they enact Boo's life with great gusto until Atticus learns of the game. Symbolism of Mockingbird The mockingbird is used to symbolize innocence in the novel.
Prejudice certainly does come to play in the court proceedings, but Lee explores much deeper human emotions and societal ideals than the straightforward mistreatment of a person based on skin color. Lee subtly and masterfully drives this point home by having the children create a nearly exact replica of Mr. While socializing with the ladies, Scout realizes that the ideal of Womanhood is much different from the reality. For instance, Walter Cunningham, like his father, is polite, self-effacing, and unwilling to accept charity. Crossing the floor in the darkened room, Scout feels what she thinks is a snake. Her grade is released a half hour earlier than Jem's, so Scout has to pass Boo Radley's house by herself every afternoon.
Lee does an expert job of getting this message across to readers simply by having the children call Atticus by his first name. With Boo safely home, Scout returns to Jem's room where Atticus is waiting. The low station blacks hold in Maycomb is further revealed when Mr. This farm was called Finches Landing. Alexandra's grandson, Francis, begins teasing Scout about Atticus defending a black man. Scout tires to explain that Walter will never be able to pay the money back, as his family is so poor they often pay Atticus with things like turnip greens when they need legal help. Instead, they believe that Tom's run at escape is typical of his race, and maintain that the jury made the right decision.