Government of india 1935. Government of india act, 1935 2019-02-26

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What is the importance of Government of India Act 1935?

government of india 1935

The Act provided for withdrawal of Dyarchy from the Provinces and Provincial Autonomy was introduced, thus providing for responsible government in all of the 11 provinces including Sindh and Orissa newly created by this Act itself. Inquiries and statistics for the purposes of any of the matters in this list. The declared Congress policy was to combat the new Act and end it. Council of States The Council of States was to be upper house and a permanent body with one third of its membership retiring every 3rd year. Marriage and divorce; infants and minors; adoption.

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Salient Features of Government of India Act 1935

government of india 1935

The Federal Assembly 17 The allocation of seats in the Federal Assembly, other than seats allotted to Indian States, shall be as shown in the relevant Table of Seats appended to this Part of this Schedule. Dhrangadhra Gondal 1 88,961 205,846 8. It hears appeals from all the High Courts and Subordinate Courts. The lower house of the Assembly, the Indian Legislature Assembly, was not an independent body. However, the Provinces enjoyed many powers that were not a subordinate authority. Cheques, bills of exchange, promissory notes and other like instruments. Inquiries and statistics for the purpose of any of the matters in this Part of this List.

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Government Of India Act 1935 Modern History NCERT Notes For UPSC Exam

government of india 1935

Among the principal sources from which the Act drew its materials were the Simon Commission Report, the report of the All-Parties Conference the Nehru Report , the theme of the discussions of three Round Table Conferences, the White Papers, the Joint Select Committee Report and the Lothian Report. Dhonkanal 3 284,326 Bamra Nayagarh 142,406 Seraikela Seraikela 143,525 Baud Baud 135,248 Bonai Talcher 69,702 5. Migration within India from or into a Governor's Province or a Chief Commissioner's Province. Seats representatives of commerce, industry, mining and planting. However, the paternalistic threat of the intervention by the British governor rankled.

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Government of India Act (1935)

government of india 1935

Finally the Congress decided to contest the coming elections to be held under the new Act. On the other hand, the Governor- General had the pow er to frame ordinances. But for Burma, there was a separate set of Events. This, in fact, allowed the governors a more untrammeled control than any British official had enjoyed in the history of the Raj. After all, there are five aspects of every Government worth the name: a The right of external and internal defence and all measures for that purpose; b The right to control our external relations; c The right to control our currency and exchange; d The right to control our fiscal policy; e the day-to-day administration of the land.

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What was the Government of India Act, 1935?

government of india 1935

Except as otherwise provided by or under this Act, a Bill shall not be deemed to have been passed by the Indian legislature unless it has been agreed to by both chambers, either without amendment or with such amendments only as may be agreed to by both chambers. Duties of excise on tobacco and other goods manufactured or produced in India except— a alcoholic liquors for human consumption; b opium, Indian hemp and other narcotic drugs and narcotics; non-narcotic drugs; c medicinal and toilet preparations containing alcohol, or any substance included in sub-paragraph b of this entry. The committee went in session from April 1933 to December 1934 for deliberation and submitted its report to Parliament in the end of 1934. Bastar 1 Bonai 80,186 Surguja Nilgiri 68,594 Raigarh Bamra 151,047 Nandgaon 10. The Act was based on two principles, viz. Maritime shipping and navigation, including shipping and navigation on tidal waters; Admiralty jurisdiction.

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Government of India Act, 1935

government of india 1935

The Concurrent list consisted of matters over which both the Federal and Provincial legislature had competence to legislate. Seats for representatives of labour. Country is called bharatmata for worshiping as well as for milking. One was federal , 2 nd was provincial and the 3 rd was concurrent list. Normally he was to act on the advice of his ministers. Taxes on the sale of goods and on advertisements.


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Government of India Act (1935) History Study Materials

government of india 1935

The said rules shall make such provision for the purposes specified in the proviso to the preceding subsection as the Governor-General in his discretion may think fit. It was permissible to combine the office of Governor-General and Crown Representative in the same person. Land revenue, including the assessment and collection of revenue, the maintenance of land records, survey for revenue purposes and records of rights, and alienation of revenue. Elections to the Federal Legislature, subject to the provisions of this Act and of any Order in Council made thereunder. Jhabua Sailana Sitamau 1 11. Additional qualification for women 6 Subject as aforesaid a person who is a woman shall also be qualified to be included in the electoral roll for any territorial constituency if she is the pensioned widow or the pensioned mother of a person who was an officer, non-commissioned officer or soldier of His Majesty's regular military forces, or if she is shown in the prescribed manner to be literate or if her husband possesses the qualifications requisite for the purposes of this paragraph. The Provincial list under exclusive jurisdiction of Provincial legislature included, police, provincial public service, education etc.

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Government of India Acts

government of india 1935

The Act introduced federal systemin the centre. It was also a way to keep the people divided. The members from the British India were to be indirectly elected who were composed of the members of the Lower Houses of the Provincial Legislatures but were to be nominated by the rulers in case of the Indian States. This method of Communal award of the British Government accentuated the Communal disharmony in the country which paved the way for the eventual partition of India. The term of the assembly was five years but it could be dissolved earlier also. Nonetheless, in 1947 the Government of India Act of 1935 was accepted by both India and Pakistan, with few amendments, as their provisional constitutions.

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Salient Features of Government of India Act 1935

government of india 1935

However, in certain matters like the Police, the government had the authority. On acceptance of that Instrument, the state was become a unit of the Federation. States and Groups of States. Factbox: Abolition of Privy Council We note here that India retained the right of appeal from the Federal Court to the Privy Council even after the establishment of the Dominion of India. Establishment of standards of weight. The Council of State 3 Of the one hundred and fifty-six seats in the Council of State to be filled by representatives of British India one hundred and fifty seats shall be allocated to the Governors' Provinces, the Chief Commissioners' Provinces and the Anglo-Indian, European and Indian Christian communities in the manner shown in division i of the relevant Table of Seats appended to this Part of this Schedule, and six seats shall be filled by persons chosen by the Governor-General in his discretion.

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Government of India Act (1935) History Study Materials

government of india 1935

The Congress demanded, instead, the convening of a Constituent Assembly e. But the Governors were given special powers. The new Act received the royal assent on 4 August 1935. The Order shall also make provision specifying the cases in which an appeal from that court in India may be brought to His Majesty in Council. It was to be made of 375 members who which 250 representatives of British India and not more than 125 members from princely states. Police, including railway and village police.

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