This means that the government must seek their cooperation, regardless of their philosophical beliefs. Meaning of Pressure Groups: Today there is no country in the world which is free from pressure groups. I've had a lot of jobs in the last 45 years or so and I've never seen one of them that didn't have pressure of some sort. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. In some cases, they may focus on a single issue.
These guess with which party to side, which can in the long run be to its advantage. Group pressure brought up to bear upon political parties and candidates is done through electioneering. They are usually non-profit and volunteer organization 4. This period saw the establishment of economic groups such as trade unions and employer's organizations. Naxalites, Kashmir liberal front etc. For example The United Mizo Federal organization, The Tribal sang of Assam, The tribal League of Assam, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha etc. As a consequence, pressure groups are alienated from the political system.
They provides necessary information and keeps the nation politically alive. Pressure groups can help make change by their methods thatthey use to try and influence decision making within thegovernment. However, their role has not been praiseworthy. Pressure groups often represent viewpoints of people who are dissatisfied with the current conditions in society. Many of them are unknown to common man on the streets of Nigeria,But these outlined below are very popular Read below: 1.
Interest groups are plentiful and of many kinds but whenever they become active in order to accomplish their interests by their attempts of persuading the public affairs at administrative or legislative level they are termed Pressure groups. This can be heavily analogized with the concept of Unionization pondered upon by Marx and Hegel in their Communist Manifesto. Pressure groups are widely recognized as an important part of the democratic process. Since business in India is concentrated just in few hands, therefore, it is not difficult for big business houses to follow some independent policy. The emergence of trusts and monopolies and the struggle over tariffs led to the formation of pressure group.
These pressure groups, based on their relationship with United Kingdom policy makers, can be divided into insider groups, who have high degree of involvement and influence and outsider groups, who have little or no direct involvement or influence. It controls economy and also maintains life line of the nation. If taken in this sense any social group which seeks to influence the behaviour of any political officer, both administrative as well as legislative, without attempting to gain formal control of the government can be called a pressure group. Role of Pressure Group 9. More dependent on means of direct action-Indian pressure group depends more on methods of direct action such as bandh, strikes, gheraos etc.
When elaborating techniques of Pressure groups in India, it can be said that they make use of conventional procedures like invoking caste, region or religion based loyalties in key persons keeping in view their background based on these parameters. Methods of Pressure Group :- Different methods and techniques includes the following i. Seeking the intervention of other groups etc. Today democratic politics has to be politics through consultation, negotiation and some amount of bargaining. The English Heritage group is an example of this - this is the group that looks after the country's most prized locations and buildings e. Negative aspect : Sometimes they have biased interests limited to few members. Thus big business in India, as a pressure group has been following a very safe policy of not annoying those in power and authority.
If any pressure group has any permanent political affiliation that can be only due to compelling circumstances. Group membership increased to embrace progressively larger segments of the population. They attach special importance who are either decision makers or can articulate effectively their view point. For them their own interests are supreme and paramount and when they feel that these clash with those of the others, in order to preserve their interests, they go to the other extreme end. Sectional groups act out of self-interest but readers should remember that this is not necessarily a bad or immoral thing to do: e. Pressure groups allow populace the opportunity to partake in democracy by being involved in social change without necessarily joining a political party. Meaning of Pressure Groups 2.
The group has had the support and endorsement of prominent Igbo personalities like Dr Michael Okpara, Dr Pius Okigbo and Chief Kingsley Mbadiwe. Not only this, but even pressure groups have tried to develop under the patronage of political parties. Based on certain interest - The basis on which each pressure groups are formed are the certain interest. While doing so they forget national interests or the cause of national integration. The society has became highly complex and individual cannot pursue their interest on their own, they need pressure group for this. Characteristics of Pressure Groups 3.