The Cambridge History of the English Language. In fact, they often use English as a in order to communicate with other people who also speak English as a foreign language. Outside certain professional fields, if English-speaking Americans hope to exchange ideas with people in a nuanced way, we may be well advised to do as people elsewhere are doing: become bilingual. Two of the most famous texts to come out of this was the soon to celebrate its 400th birthday and Martin Luther's German Bible, from a little less than 100 years earlier than the King James. According to the census, from 1980 to 1990 the number of Spanish-speakers in the United States grew by 50 percent.
At this point students often wonder what kind of English they are learning. Japanese, although considered to be one of the most significant languages internationally, along with the listed world languages, it is not considered a world language per se. French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. With the English language becoming increasingly employed by people throughout the world, other languages are being spoken less and will eventually cease to exist as English has 1917 Words 8 Pages Reestablishing English as a Global Language Abstract Information Technology has brought forward a new wave of acquiring knowledge worldwide. Words of Old Norse origin have entered the English language primarily from the contact between Old Norse and Old English during colonisation of eastern and. Linguist estimates that non-native speakers now outnumber native speakers by a ratio of 3 to 1.
Technology has much to teach us too. Bibliography Aarts, Bas; Haegeman, Liliane 2006. In a number of countries, it is edified as a second language. English has reached high status world-wide because of several factors; as the mother tongue of millions of people all over the world, as the language that millions of children learn at school and the language that is used in international relations, for global communication and as the major media language. An internationally renowned scholar in the field of language and linguistics, David Crystal received an Order of the British Empire in 1995 for his services to the English language. English is, after the Chinese one, the language most people speak and it is the most popular second language and foreign language pupils learn in school.
The intrinsic structural qualities of a language, the size of its vocabulary, the quality of its literature throughout history, and its association with great cultures or religions, are all important factors in the popularity of any language. However, there are also a number of significant negative aspects such as English dominance and loss of languages mainly driven by globalization. Throughout this time one of the most significant events in the history of world languages was happening: English-speaking soldiers, sailors and colonisers were travelling to, and settling in countries right the way across the globe. There may be more native speakers of Chinese, Spanish or Hindi, but it is English they speak when they talk across cultures, and English they teach their children to help them become citizens of an increasingly intertwined world. According to the same newsletter, a recent study by Euro Marketing Associates estimated that nearly 44% of the world's online population now speak a language other than English at home.
That process started with the dominance of two successive English-speaking empires, British and American, and continues today with the new virtual empire of the Internet. It has become the language that is spoken by millions of people all over the world; as the mother tongue, as the language used for international communication and as the language learned in the millions of schools. Setting aside for now the fact that such languages have never gained much traction, it has to be said this assumption is not necessarily well-founded. In the United States, discounting the claims that antagonists make about the other side's position, it's hard to find anyone who doesn't think it would be nice if everyone in the United States spoke English. Noun Phrases, Verb Phrases, and Prepositional Phrases.
English is probably the third largest language by number of native speakers, after and. There are different L2 varieties that differ based on the native language of the speakers. International Civil Aviation Organization — Air Navigation Bureau. Common nouns are in turn divided into concrete and abstract nouns, and grammatically into and. The survey of the Germanic branch languages includes chapters by Winfred P.
Language has allowed marginalized groups to explain their experiences, to change the discourse surrounding them, and to give them titles that they choose rather than ones forced upon them. For example, if I want to see the Amazon. He argues, that although the transition may be difficult, establishing public identity in the English speaking community is extremely important. Future technology may well originate elsewhere. Cambridge History of the English Language. A passive construction rephrases an active construction in such a way that the object of the active phrase becomes the subject of the passive phrase, and the subject of the active phrase is either omitted or demoted to a role as an oblique argument introduced in a prepositional phrase. Nigerian English is a spoken in.
It remains an important second language in much of , and in the international scientific community. Possessive pronouns exist in dependent and independent forms; the dependent form functions as a determiner specifying a noun as in my chair , while the independent form can stand alone as if it were a noun e. However unwelcome this news may be to some, not even headlong technological advances mean that computers will soon be doing all the hard work of coping with other languages for us. It is based on British English, but in recent years, because of influence from the United States, some words of American English origin have made it into Nigerian English. This influence of English has led to concerns about , and to claims of , and has provoked resistance to the spread of English; however the number of speakers continues to increase because many people around the world think that English provides them with opportunities for better employment and improved lives.