Author or editor of the website if known 2. As of 2009, the meerkat population has increased by 20% in Eastern Botswana. Chicago Style Paper: What It Is and How to Write It? If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. If you cite this source again later in the paper say, in your sixth note , you would simply write the author, title, and page number, separated by commas: 6.
Excellent source for research, writing and citation tips. Stephen Dubner and Steven Levitt, Freakonomics New York: William Morrow, 2005 , 101. It is considered the most one of the most widely used and respected styles in the United States. Sad as it may seem, this is how the things go. Note the different treatment of an editor's name depending on whether the editor takes the place of an author second example or is listed in addition to the author third example. Add the date when you accessed the website or, if possible, the date when the website was last modified. First footnote: 1John Rae, Statement of Some New Principles on the Subject of Political Economy Boston: Hillard, Gray and Company, 1834 , in The Making of the Modern World, accessed June 22, 2009.
Most authors choose the system used by others in their field or required by their publisher. Of course, this does not mean that you should try your best to clear your article of any quotations. If you are citing an article from a website, for example, follow the guidelines for articles above. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Interestingly, another manual on Chicago style paper format is well-known and recognized.
In the bibliography, list the page range for the whole article. The first line should be indented five spaces, with following lines in the entry flush with the left margin. If there is no date listed on the site, use the access date as the primary date in the citation. This means the first line of each reference should be flush with the left margin i. These differences are displayed in the image above.
These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, seventeenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers. Article in a Journal Paginated Separately Rottweiler, Frank, and Jacques Beauchemin. These comments can be supplemental information to clarify points you're making in your text, or they could be interesting bits of information that might interrupt of your paper. Entries are double-spaced, but single-spacing is used within each entry. However, keep in mind that using too many references is preferable to using too few. All online citation generators make mistakes.
Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date? Smith, Tim Sampson, and Alex J. The most significant reason why a sample Chicago style paper is so popular is that it does not put the author under strict limitations; instead, it allows using the standards of other style formats, so long as your Chicago style paper remains consistent and clear to your reader. Create a free account to access all services. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter or other number. Title Page When writing the title page, spacing is of the essence. On the other hand, a lot of them look at the footnotes written at the end of each page. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
In case of rewritten data, you should utilize annotations. Follow the general pattern for citing magazine articles, although you may omit page numbers. Citations in notes are single-spaced unless otherwise instructed , but there is a double space between entries. For more information about how to format your bibliography, see sections 14. In the bibliography, entries are listed in alphabetical order according to the authors' last names. One thing I want to reinforce is that the Chicago style splits into two documentation systems: notes and bibliography and author-date.
The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation. General notes on Chicago Style Chicago style outlines two distinct citation styles 14. McLelland, Katsuhiko Suganuma, and James Welker, 153-165. Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, ed. Today, you will have to use the most recent 16 th or 17 th edition. It is only mentioned that it has to be clear.