They agree to engage in a storytelling contest as they travel, and , host of the Tabard, serves as master of ceremonies for the contest. The Physician - The Physician is one of the best in his profession, for he knows the cause of every malady and can cure most of them. She had fun singing and dancing with him, but tried her best to make him jealous. Lesson Summary The beginning is important because it sets the tone for the story to follow. These traits define the three and eventually lead to their downfall. As Plato says, to any who can read, The words must be cousin to the deed.
We must, therefore, view the General Prologue with some hesitation as a comparison point to the tales themselves: it offers useful or enlightening suggestions, but they are no means a complete, reliable guide to the tales and what they mean. The Canterbury Tales, by , written in in 1387—1400. Right decorous her pleated wimple was; Her nose was fine; her eyes were blue as glass; Her mouth was small and therewith soft and red; But certainly she had a fair forehead; It was almost a full span broad, I own, For, truth to tell, she was not undergrown. Each pilgrim portrait within the prologue might be considered as an archetypal description. He prepares profiles for each person and gives his verdict on their social category or rank. But sore weep she if oon of hem were deed, Or if men smoot it with a yerde smerte: And al was conscience and tendre herte. And never a discourtesy he said In all his life to those who met his sight; He was a very perfect gentle knight.
And with these relics, when he had to hand Some poor parson living on the land, In one day he gathered in more money Than the parson in a month of Sundays. He disdains lepers and beggars as unworthy: instead, he deals with rich men with whom he can make a profit. The narrator writes that he has told us now of the estate the class , the array the clothing , and the number of pilgrims assembled in this company. At Lyeys was he, and at Satalye, Whan they were wonne; and in the Grete See At many a noble aryve hadde he be, At mortal batailles hadde he been fiftene, And foughten for our feith at Tramissene In listes thryes, and ay slayn his foo. It is up to the reader to determine the gravity and underlying meaning of Chaucer's methods in doing so.
Chaucer uses the genre of estates satire. He cared not for that text a clean-plucked hen Which holds that hunters are not holy men; Nor that a monk, when he is cloisterless, Is like unto a fish that's waterless; That is to say, a monk out of his cloister. He is good looking but has a weakness for wine. The Host decides that he will ride with the pilgrims, at his own cost, to serve as their guide in this merriment. A monk there was, one made for mastery, An outrider, who loved his venery; A manly man, to be an abbot able.
Translated by Vincent Foster Hopper revised ed. Of his stature, he was of middle height, Wonderfully agile, powerful in a fight. Now certainly he was a fair prelate; He was not pale like some tormented ghost. A large man he was with striking eyes; No fairer burgess was there in Cheapside. He is well versed in the Christian scripture especially the Gospels and is devoted to his parishioners.
The Knight wins and prepares to tell his tale. His sleeves are trimmed with expensive squirrel fur, and his hood is fastened with a gold pin into an elaborate knot. He also uses words that evoke the fragrance of the spring and its delicate flavor. He speaks slowly, weighing the profit of expressing his opinions. They all are dressed in their signature and unique clothes pertaining to the particular craft or guild.
Befell that, in that season, on a day In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay 20 Ready to start upon my pilgrimage To Canterbury, full of devout courage, There came at nightfall to that hostelry Some nine and twenty in a company Of sundry persons who had chanced to fall 25 In fellowship, and pilgrims were they all That toward Canterbury town would ride. He has a shabby appearance with an unkempt beard and small and slender eyes. The first lines situate the story in a particular time and place, but the speaker does this in cosmic and cyclical terms, celebrating the vitality and richness of spring. She is his equal in looks, manners, and talent. The Knight draws the short straw and nobly accepts the challenge.
The pilgrims go to dinner, during which the owner of the tavern, or Host, makes a proposal to the group: on the way to Canterbury, says the Host, each pilgrim will tell two tales, followed by two on the way back. Full many a blooded horse had he in stable: And when he rode men might his bridle hear A-jingling in the whistling wind as clear, Aye, and as loud as does the chapel bell Where this brave monk was of the cell. He never speaks a word more than is needed, and that is short, quick and full of sentence the Middle-English word for 'meaningfulness' is a close relation of 'sententiousness'. Hubert his name, this worthy Limiter. He is a prized wrestler as well. Next morning, when the day began to spring, Up rose our Host and roused us like the cock, And gathered us together in a flock; And forth we rode, at barely walking-pace To Saint Thomas, and his watering place. Of smal coral aboute hire arm she bar A peire of bedes, gauded al with grene, And theron heng a brooch of gold ful sheene, On which ther was first write a crowned A, And after Amor Vincit Omnia.
It is evident both from the relationship of the Franklin's portrait to that of the guildsmen, presented next, and from Harry Bailey's scornful remarks to him, however, that he is not yet of the noble class. He shows contempt for lepers and beggars even though the father of Friars St. He is an alcoholic and extremely vulgar. He is a peaceful and generous man following the teachings of Jesus Christ himself. Now I have told you in a brief clause, The array, condition, number and the cause Whereby assembled was this company, In Southwark at that noble hostelry Called The Tabard, fast by The Bell.