Rather, it is a valuable tool for developing and strengthening the burgeoning relationship between you and your client. Taylor has authored or edited 18 books, published more than 800 articles, and given more than 1,000 workshops and presentations throughout North and South America, Europe, and the Middle East. The Sport Psychologist, 20, 495-511. To understand your athletes, you need a comprehensive knowledge of all aspects of the athletes that will affect their performance. More specifically, in the sporting context, athletes' levels of self-control often are revealed in the way that they follow the rules, regulate negative emotions, make sportsmanship decisions, and resist inappropriate temptations. Chapters in this section explain the strengths and weaknesses of each approach—for example, when traditional pencil-and-paper and observation approaches may be more appropriate than interviewing—and offer consultants a more complete toolbox of assessments to use when working with athletes. Chapters also contain sidebars that provide sample scenarios, recommended approaches, and exercises to use with clients.
For example, in a post-intervention assessment, athletes might role-play their pre-intervention ways of behaving and then act out how they cope using their new mental tools. As the athletes move into early adolescence, they begin to internalize their standards and make decision based their own monitoring rather than requiring as much external monitoring; however, much more emphasis is placed on peers at this stage of life e. Measurement in sport and exercise psychology. Foundation of Assessment in Sport Psychology Consulting Chapter 1. The measurement of values in youth sport: development of the Youth Sport Values Questionnaire. The book begins by exploring the use of case studies as a professional method for disseminating applied knowledge and practice in sport psychology.
Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. Did you just make your first purchase with Human Kinetics? In addition, we can formulate follow up questions prior to the first meeting, which is part of the discovery phase of mental coaching. Conclusion Objective, subjective, and observational assessment offer great utility to sport science researchers, practitioners, and the larger sport community. When determining what method of self-assessment to use to acquire self-perception information, creative and engaging methods that account for athletes' cognitive development are encouraged. In this text, Jim Taylor and a team of sport psychology experts help practitioners gain a deep understanding of assessment in order to build trusting relationships and effective intervention plans that address the needs and goals of their clients.
It will also be an extremely useful resource for coaches and sports professionals undergoing training in sport psychology. Examples of methods include watching a recorded practice or competition session together and processing the occurrences of the targeted behaviors, having the client share his or her thoughts on the situation and the practitioner sharing his or her observations, or providing a written summary of the observation feedback to the client and then verbally discussing it. The Sport Psychologist, 29, 358-370. The origins of intelligence in children. Did you just make your first purchase with Human Kinetics? In this text, Jim Taylor and a team of sport psychology experts help practitioners gain a deep understanding of assessment in order to build trusting relationships and effective intervention plans that address the needs and goals of their clients. Indeed, professionals utilizing these measures should have training in administering and evaluating objective tests Poczwardowski et al.
When working with athletes who are in their early adolescent years and now in the formal operational reasoning stage , professionals should be aware of the beginning of the stage of identity crisis where athletes' self-descriptions are often based on varying roles and sources of information, which may lead to conflicting self-stories and understanding. Children's moral reasoning and their assertive, aggressive, and submissive tendencies in sport and daily life. Changes in children's ability to process information is one such cognitive-related variable that has been identified as important for sport and exercise psychology professionals to account for when utilizing assessment with youth athletes Smith et al. Regardless of the method, it is crucial to offer feedback to clients and allow them to share their perspective on the observation. Thus, in determining what methods to utilize when incorporating assessment with children, Smith and colleagues 2012 recommend utilizing relevant theory and research aims to drive the selection of developmentally-appropriate measures. Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective. The Sport Psychologist, 19, 51-62.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Furthermore, it can include their relationships with teammates, coaches, competitors, officials, and, importantly for young athletes, parents. Development of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire. The assessment tools you use also educate clients about your areas of expertise, such as whether you focus on mental skills or administer psychophysiological protocols. In fact, self-report, objective measures have comprised the majority of assessment methods in the youth sport literature. Development and validation of a multidimensional measure of sport—specific psychological skills: The Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28. Walker, and Jim Taylor Coach Assessment Team Assessment Parent Assessment Chapter Takeaways Chapter 12.
Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24, 465-480. Because the sources of competence youth utilize evolve as they develop, researchers and practitioners should be sure to use assessments that include measures of the relevant social constructs, keeping in mind the target sample of interest and selecting developmentally-appropriate measures for that sample Smith et al. Fundamentals of Sport and Exercise Psychology examines what sport and exercise psychologists do, what they study, and how these factors relate to the real world. New York: Pergamon Press; 1979. Finally, as these athletes continue to develop into later adolescents 16-18 years , their sources of perceived competence becomes more internal and self-referenced including skill improvement, goal achievement, and effort exerted. The Sport and Exercise Scientist, 10 2 , 11-14. Evidence from a longitudinal study of youth.
Accordingly, Behavioral Sport Psychology: Evidence-Based Approaches to Performance Enhancement is a first of its kind volume. An Introduction to the Sport Commitment Model. Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement. You will need to using your email and password for our legacy website. How to integrate the voluminous amount of research into day-to-day practice still remains a challenge for most practitioners. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 23, 318-325.
Chapters also contain sidebars that provide sample scenarios, recommended approaches, and exercises to use with clients. To help facilitate the incorporation of subjective measures as a part of assessment in youth sport psychology consultations, professionals are fortunate to have a variety of such measures to help facilitate this process. Children's attributions for success and failure: Effects of age and attentional focus. Ethical Issues in Sport Psychology Assessment Marshall Mintz and Michael Zito Ethical Principles Ethical Guidelines When Ethical Dilemmas Arise Chapter Takeaways Chapter 4. Professional philosophy in the sport psychology service delivery: Building on theory and practice. Many professionals read journals such as The International Journal of Sports, Journal of Sport Behavior, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, and The Sport Psychologist. Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues.