Title of Journal, volume issue , page number — page number. This is not only unfair for the original author, but also considered cheating and can have direct for you. Be careful not to confuse a literature review with a book review or a literary critique. Make a list of the main points from each section, and note whether any graphs, images or statistics presented are relevant or effective. As brevity is the key feature of a summary, it is essential to express the main concepts of the original passage in as concise a manner as possible.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Author At Beginning, With Page Number John Fontana and Elizabeth Montalbano 2008 note that low priced Netbooks are gaining share because of the relatively cheap Internet access capable of downloading large files; the wealth of Internet based applications; and ability for files to be created, produced, stored, and administered on Internet hosted sites p. Your title may use one or two lines. The subordination is created using Arabic numerals. Sometimes having someone look at your abstract with fresh eyes can provide perspective and help you spot possible typos and other errors. The language in the summary should be generic enough for any reader, and at a level appropriate for ease of understanding without further research.
Are they experts on the topic, or generalists?. The purpose of a summary is to condense information by focusing on the most important ideas in a book or an article. Include the primary argument or objective, and whether the information is comparable to other studies on the same content. Faced with a long document, readers are either going to skim and try to take in the information or they can begin by reading the author's summary. Just quickly provide a very brief summary of your main findings. A summary, also referred to as an informative abstract, brief synopsis or overview; is a short version of an original text. However, select pages, like the , still include this information.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. If appropriate, mention one or two other resolutions and explain why they also would be good second choices. Recall information was coded as general information, feedback on physical appearance, or emotional responses. Be as concise as possible to reduce the number of words in your summary, and always credit your references when quoting or paraphrasing. It also holds onshore assets in Egypt's Western desert; and offshore assets in the North Sea region, including the United Kingdom. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract.
It was hypothesized that those with high levels of dispositional body image anxiety would recall more appearance-related information than those who have low body image anxiety. What might your results indicate and what directions does it point to for future research. Order your entries alphabetically by the author's last name by putting the first first line flush left and then indenting the following lines. The results of the experiment showed that there was a difference in type of information recalled between high and low body image after watching a video with weight-related comments. Consider using a summary—rather than a short or block quotation—when preserving the original wording of the source material is not necessary for the reader to understand the ideas under discussion.
Again, I'm using my own words. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society Your heading and subheading will look like this: I. It is one of the first things and sometimes the only thing recipients of your document will read; therefore, it should be short and often persuasive. It includes requirements for publishing notices of proposed and final rulemaking in the Federal Register, and provides opportunities for the public to comment on notices of proposed rulemaking. Method A group of 184 undergraduate students from psychology classes were asked to participate in this experiment in exchange for extra credit points. Focus on the core issues and discuss the author's purpose for writing the book or article.
Parkinson's disease: A guide for patient and family. Social psychology of visual perception. Note: The journal title and volume number should be italicized. Initials should be used for the author's first name. Describe an ideal man 1. See the consistent use of verb? The abstract should also be written as only one paragraph with no indentation. Should you do so, you will find that I have said exactly the same thing the author says, in my own words, following exactly the same order of ideas that original author did.
The abstract's purpose is to report rather than provide commentary. Do not include any personal titles Mrs. Each heading must have at least two or three divisions. This format also stipulates the use of an abstract designed to very briefly summarize the key details contained in a paper without providing too much detail. Jot down the strengths or weaknesses of the article, and whether the article achieves its objective. If required, include a personal assessment of whether the article supports what the instructor teaches in class.
The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Limit your summary to approximately one-fourth the length of the original text, recommends Washington State University. How should multiple sources be cited in a single parenthetical reference? I provide his list, but I'd go on to discuss the points in a bit more detail. Diabetic Medicine, 28 7 , 824-832. Don't forget to include the Andrews University cover page and a photocopy of the article you summarized.